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Saturday, May 10, 2014

1806 Neapolitan Campaign

1806 Neapolitan Campaign


On 9 February 1806, Marshal Masséna as commander of the French Army of Italy (well Joseph Bonaparte was nominal commander, the pattern is set here that would later happen in Spain) invaded the Kingdom of Naples.

King Ferdinand IV of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies had promised to be neutral during the war of the Third Coalition, thus securing Napoleon’s southern flank and his Italian Kingdom.
During the campaign in Germany Napoleon learned of the British and Russians landing troops in the Neapolitan kingdom, thus breaking the kingdoms neutrality (even though Ferdinand confused his blamelessness).

So we start our campaign at this point with the French making the first move on the 9th February 1806 (winter).

The French have three corps I, II and IV Corps (with French and Italian troops) of the Army of Italy with two I & IV in Rome and II Corps in Ancona (however because Ancona does not appear on the map we are using this corps will start at Fermo on the 11th February).

As for the Allies there is the Neapolitan Army (they favour building prepared positions like the Russians) both it’s regulars and militia and well as the British and Russians, there has also been added an Austrian Division (the commander has not received the news of the signing of the Treaty of Pressburg on the 26th December and does not believe the French when they sent the news), so he will fight, for now.

The British and Neapolitans start at Fondi on the west coast (the main theater) on the road from Rome via Terracina via Capua to Naples.

The Russians and Neapolitans are at Pescara on the east coast, with the Austrians with Russian support at Aquila.

The Allies seek to keep the French from over running the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies both the mainland part (Kingdom of Naples) and island part (Kingdom of Sicily).

The French of course want all of both kingdoms as the new Kingdom of Naples for Joseph Bonaparte as King.

The French objectives are on the west coast as follows:

Gaeta Fortress, either capture or blockade.
Capua,
Naples,
Cosenza,
Reggio
And the destruction of the Allied forces.

The French objectives are on the east coast as follows:

Pescara,
Foggia,
Bari,
Brindisi,
Otranto
And the destruction of the Allied forces.

The Allied objectives are to hold the above mention French objectives and the halting and or destruction of the French forces and as a consequence being a threat to the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy.

The rules we are using for this campaign are Blackpowder.
The average size infantry units will be 16-24 (4-6 bases) figures
Small is under 16 (4) and Large over 24 (6) figures.
The average cavalry units will be 9-18 figures.
Small is under 9 and Large is over 18 figures.
Batteries are under BP a single gun & crew.
What we will have is 1 gun & crew represent 6 gun batteries
2 guns & crew represent 8 gun batteries
3 guns & crew represent sent 12 & 14 gun batteries.

There will be Victory Points (VP) for battle field objectives as well as for units removed from the field by shooting or hand-to-hand but not for shaken units.
The event cards will also be used.

There are only two players doing the map moves
French  - Robert
Allied    - Steve M

Infantry move at 10 miles per day max
Cavalry move at 20 miles per day max
Couriers move at 40 miles per day max
 These movement rates will be halved in bad weather.

While French units will be represent by French figures
Italian units by Italian where we can and Westphalian to make up when needed.
British units by British figures.
Russian units by Russian figures.
Austrian units by Austrian figures.
Neapolitan units by Spanish & Austrian figures (as this army modeled it’s uniforms after Austria and Spain).

This campaign should not be over long.

The first battle took place at the club on the 18th May 2014.
Campaign time 15th February 1806.

Umpire

There have four battles so far with the French winning the first three battles and tactical draw on the fourth.
The next game will take place at Salerno for the February 2015 game day.

Battle of Fondi










Battle of Santi








Austrian infantry charging French Grenadiers on the Allied right flank

Battle of Pescara




















Friday, March 14, 2014

NSWC 1812 Peninsula Campaign

The Peninsula 1812


Well it is now very close to getting this campaign going (March 2014), the guys seem keen to start our Duke of Wellington is writing orders and I hope the French and Spanish commanders are preparing their orders as well.

The troops involved are all those owned by the players when the campaign starts as well as any new formations during the campaign (these new ones will start at their respective headquarters.

I will be the Umpire and my growing Westphalian Corps is in the campaign plus some Brunswick Hussars and some Portuguese infantry, my pontoon train will become Westphalian (this will be a shock to the Allied commander).

See below.

The Peninsula Campaign 1812

The Earl of Wellington (Wellesley) started 1812 with the capture of Ciudad Rodrigo on January 19-20 1812 (unfortunately the army sacked the city).

Wellington then retired to Fuente Guinaldo and stayed until March. 

At the beginning of March 1812 Wellington moved quickly against Badajoz with 25,000 troops, the fortress was defended by General Philippon and 5,000 men (French, Germans and Spaniards).  The Anglo-Portuguese army crossed the Guadiana River on the 14th March.  Operations against Badajoz started on the 17th March, Generals Hill, Graham and Villemur were out entertaining and dancing with d’Erlon and Soult, leaving Wellington in peace to take Badajoz.  The city was stormed on the 6th April after which followed at least a day of rampage by the half crazed survivors of the attacking forces.

Soult’s advance for the relief of Badajoz was too late.  Wellington now controlled all the fortress (Spanish and Portuguese) covering the main invasion routes into Portugal from Spain and vis-à-vis, this also secured Wellington’s supply lines.

Now Wellington could advance into Spain and take on the Army of Portugal on his (Wellington) own terms in French territory, the war had changed, now, no matter what happened the Anglo-Portuguese-Spanish forces could win out or so it seemed.This is where we will start our campaign from 1st May 1812.The Duke of Wellington with his Anglo-Portuguese Army, supported by some Spanish divisions (Morillo and Penne Villemur - 1st Army) vs. Marmont (the Spanish General Mendizbal giving problems) with the Army of Portugal and Soult’s Army of the South (which is tied down opposite Cadiz and keeping the Spanish (Ballesteros 2nd Army) out of Sevilla, so this army may or may not have too much of a role but is an interesting distraction for both).  The King of Spain, Joseph and the Army of the Centre have their problems with Empecinado to the south (calling this 4th Army).It has been agreed that the troops involved within this campaign are those that are owned and supplied (painted) by the participating players (Austrians will also act as Spanish if needed). Any units painted or purchased painted after the start of the campaign will be placed in the HQ of the nominated army.  These (new) units can only march to join their respective army and or corps once there is a minimum sized brigade (of type) assembled (if the HQ is evacuated because of enemy presence etc, these units can be moved if required).
Paul B -           King of Spain and C-in-C – At Madrid
Roy     -           French Army of the Centre- HQ Madrid
Robert            -           French Army of Portugal-HQ Valladolid
Michael-         French Army of the South-HQ Sevilla
Don     -           British C-in-C Anglo-Portuguese Army & Spanish Armies-HQ Almeida
Jason  -           British General Hill-HQ Badajoz
Paul C            -           British General Graham-HQ 
Andrew-         Spanish 1st Army attached to Wellington-HQ
David  -           Spanish 4th Army, in the Centre-HQ Chinchilla
Bryan -           Spanish 2nd Army, in the South-HQ Cordova
Map
From Oman’s History of the Peninsula War, general map in Volume One.
Please have printed in A3 colour and laminated.
Supply
Formation Sizes
Tabletop Rules
This may not be to the satisfaction of everyone but there are a number of views on which are the best rules, and that will not change, we have to agree to disagree here.  My compromise is using two sets of rules one everyone is familiar with and the other will become familiar or more familiar (depending how much you have played them already) with over time, but given the more limited scope of this campaign rule set number two may not be used that often.
There will be objectives on the tabletop there will also be event cards some good some not so good this depends on which side you are on at the time the card is played.
1)                  WRG for up too about a corps size force (with the required NSWC amendments).
2)                  Blackpowder for multiple corps (on at least one side) size forces, possibly with some amendments.
3)                  The troops will use the WRG point system.
4)                  We will included a force break point system where by the number of dead and routing units starts to get to high the commander will have to throw a die to see if his force breaks (this will mean that all routing units can not be rallied and more difficult for the remainder of the army to not rout).
5)                  There will be a 50% rule whereby when a unit reaches less than 50% of it’s starting strength (at beginning of the battle) it is unsteady and will rout if it fails any morale test.
6)                  For battlefield victory conditions where there is the ABP (Army Break Point-this does not mean the army will rout it will be harder for formations to stand) the ABP is also based upon the overall morale rating of the formation (easier to reach ABP for Raw than Veteran formations. The battlefield objective will have a points value system, this will help determine victor and defeated. I say help in establishing winner and loser as there may be a situation where side ‘A’ has lost more, troops than side ‘B’ but could still be the victor because they achieved their battlefield goal which maybe physical on the field as well as tactical within the campaign.
7)                  Battlefield commanders will write a general order for the game, objective/s etc. This order cannot be to general in aspect.
8)                  All Line troops will start off as Raw/Green, All Guard troops (Except French Old Guard and British Guard) will start off as Veteran, the French Old Guard and British Guard will start as Elite. WRG rules do not prohibit Unsteady/Raw troops from charging but NSWC amendments do (a unit must be steady/rallied to initiate a charge) but for this campaign all troops that are classed as Raw because they are yet to have an experience defining battle can charge (but remember they are Raw).
9)                  The Raw troops will fight 1 action as Raw and become trained from the 2nd action, then the trained become Veteran from their 4th action (the Umpire, see CMG, will let you know). Spanish will add one action, so 2nd becomes 3rd (this does not include the Spanish 1st Army under British direct control).
10)              The Veteran Guard will fight 2 actions as Veteran and become Elite from the 3rd action (for Spanish see above). The Elite (French Old Guard and British Guard) fight 2 actions as elite and then become Elite Veteran from the 3rd action.
11)              The Umpire will produce the Orbats and email them to the players.
12)              All Orders after the first General Orders (issued by the C-in-C’s) will be emailed to the Umpire as an attached Word document (examples will be sent). The Umpire will then send to the receiver player at the appropriate campaign date.
This is the list of formations and their respective HQs’
On the Map.
Dark red roads are the main roads can support a corps size force all the time, multiple corps for about 4-6 days.
Green dot roads are the secondary, can support a reinforced division all the time and a corps for about 4 – 6 days.
Main Rivers are in Dark Blue, secondary rivers are black and treated as streams on tabletop.
Rivers can only be crossed by bridge where a road crosses the river.
Capital cities in Red and Towns are marked.
Guns: A couple of players are already moving to having their guns glued on bases with the crew also glued to the base, it is therefore decided that all guns have 4 crew with no less than two crew figures glued on a gun base (players can still use four figures per gun), die to be used to indicate crew losses and to save having dice against each gun a gun base is removed once 4 crew have been lost to the battery/company (this will also apply to those players that do not have guns and crew glued to the base). If the battery routs we turn the guns (this to see if the guns are captured or not by the end of the day) around and all crew are assumed to have routed off table.

An infantry brigade is 3-6 battalions
An infantry division is 2-3 brigades
A cavalry brigade is 2-3 regiments
A cavalry division is 2-3 brigades
A corps 2-3 infantry & 1-2 cavalry divisions (you may want to decrease infantry and increase cavalry, so you can mix it about, that is why the range)
An army, two or more corps, these can concentrate for no more than 4 days for supply reasons for the French and up to six days for Anglo-Portuguese in Portugal and 4 in Spain (Spanish stole from everyone).
A reinforced infantry division 2-3 infantry brigades & a cavalry brigade.

March Rates

20 miles a day for infantry and foot artillery (20mm on an A3 map)
30 miles a day for cavalry & horse artillery (30mm on an A3 map)
10 miles a day for transport & siege trains. (10mm on an A3 map)
Formations will be moved at the speed of the slowest unless stated otherwise.



Watch this space for updates. I do not tend to place new posts every-time I tend to up date the post when needed.

Friday, January 13, 2012

NSWC Campaigns-1810

THE 1810 PENINSULAR CAMPAIGN




This campaign was being played in 25/28mm using WRG rules with a few modifications for simultaneous movement.


For the French, British and Portuguese armies the only forces involved are those owned by the players, as for the Spanish it is based on the forces available to the Spanish at the time with a little artistic licence. 

Don and Robert are providing the Spanish units. Any extra units painted by any player or for any player (painted by others) arrive in a reinforcement town and are then marched to their command.

We started the campaign as of 1 May 1810 with the French controlling Northern Spain and Central Spain (we have had to ignore Eastern Spain). The Anglo-Portuguese under Sir Arthur Wellesley (Lord Duero) control all of Portugal. The Spanish control Southern Spain and also have an Army in the North-West and have the fortresses of Cuidad Rodrigo and Badajoz.

The campaign opened with advances by the French Army of Spain South and West into Spanish controlled Spain. This has resulted in a battle at Talavera de la reina with a Anglo-Portuguese-Spanish army, the French lost the battle and had to retire. 

Meanwhile the French Army of Portugal advanced south from Valladolid towards Ciudad Rodrigo and clashed with the Anglo-Portuguese 1st and Reserve Corps just over a days march from Ciudad Rodrigo at the Battle of Sanchobueno, the British lost and withdrew one day, with the French following up.



The French forces of the King of Spain (Joseph) moved to get behind the Anglo-Spanish forces at Talavera.  Also others forces moved south from Toledo to halt and push south the Spanish Army of the South as it advanced north towards Madrid.  The French clashed with Spanish at the Battle of Herencia on the 7th May.




The French Army of Portugal advanced towards Cuidad Rodrigo following up its victory and attacked the Anglo-Portuguese forces again but did not gain the victory Massena so desired.  Neither side gained an advantage so both forces prepared for a second day of battle.




This all currently under review due to a central player pulling out of the campaign.
We are going to restart the campaign in 1812.  This is taking some time due to the ongoing illness of the Duke of Wellington, but we should start before 2012 has closed.



NSWC Campaigns-1809

THE 1809 PENINSULAR CAMPAIGN

This campaign was being played in 25mm using WRG rules with a few modifications for simultaneous movement.

For the French, British and Portuguese armies the only forces involved are those owned by the players, as for the Spanish it is based on the forces available to the Spanish at the time with a little artistic licence. Don McIntyre is at the moment providing the bulk of the Spanish units with a growing number coming from Robert Horspool (as I paint more of his Front Rank units so more will be his). Any extra units painted by any player or for any player arrive in a reinforcement town and are then marched to their command.

We started the campaign as of 1 May 1809 with the French controlling Northern Portugal, Northern Spain, and Central Spain (we have ignored Eastern Spain). The Anglo-Portuguese under Sir Arthur Wellesley controls all Portugal south of the Douro and the fortress of Almeida and Elvas. The Spanish control Southern Spain and also have an Army in the North-West and have the fortresses of Cuidad Rodrigo and Badajoz.

The campaign opened with an advance by the Anglo-Portuguese army against the French in Northern Portugal, this resulted in a number of small actions at Amarante 8th May 1809 (British Victory) and Villa Real 12 May 1809 (French Victory) and at least two major battles at Oporto 12 May 1809 (British Victory) and Vila de Ledra 17 May 1809 (French Victory). The result was that the French VII and VIII Corps of the Army of Portugal have been forced to leave Portugal, which allows the Anglo-Portuguese to move against the French forces laying siege to Cuidad Rodrigo.
Spanish Ferdinand VII Horse Grenadiers

Meanwhile the Spanish Army of Estremadura, with the support of the British 4th Division advanced on the French II Corps at Merida (French Victory) fighting a battle on the 15th May 1809. The Spanish Army of La Mancha advanced to Toledo in order to move onto Madrid however, this army was stopped by the French I Corps at Almonacid de Toledo on the 22nd May 1809 (French Victory). The Spanish Army of Galicia advanced from Leon towards Valladolid to cut the French main supply route, the French Army of the North concentrated and fought the Spanish at Medina de Rio Seco on the 25th May 1809 (French Victory).

On the 28th May 1809 the Army of Portugal managed to make one breech in the walls of Ciudad Rodrigo.  Marshal Massena decided to attempt a storming of the breech.  The storming was assigned to two brigades of the IV Corps with support of a third brigade and the corps field artillery plus two batteries of siege artillery.   After 4 hours of fighting the Spanish governor decided to withdraw from the main walls and then to leave Cuidad Rodrigo.  As the IV Corps only had one brigade left attempting to watch the remainder of the fortress walls, the Spanish managed to slip out of the fortress to the south on an unguarded road.  In the end the Army of Portugal had taken one of the two fortresses it needed to captured in order to invade Northern Portugal.

Sir Arthur Wellesley after hearing the besieging guns fall silent and then receive word that Ciudad Rodrigo had fallen decided to advance from Guarda to the lost fortress.  In the process of his advance the Anglo-Portuguese Reserve Corps under Beresford forced the French watching the Guarda road to withdraw beyond Ciudad Rodrigo (after placing a garrison in the town and quickly filling at least half of the trenches and battery positions and partly repairing the breech.  This French withdrawal from the Guarda road also forced the withdrawal of the forces watching the Almedia road or they could have been cut off by the English.

Marshal Massena assembled his army and advanced towards Sir Arthur.   This advance forced Sir Arthur to withdraw from Ciudad Rodrigo and take up a position at Fuentes d'Onoro.  Massena advanced to Fuentes d'Onoro and attacked the British on the 6th June 1809.  Two divisions of French cavalry and one and half divisions of infantry supported by most of the artillery attacked Fuentes d'Onoro which was being defended by the Light Division and with 7th Division in support to the right.   Three French cavalry divisions & one and half infantry divisions advanced on the British centre being held by Picton's 3rd Division, the British cavalry and Portuguese Loyal Lusitanian Legion, these forces where behind the ridge crest with only their artillery forward.  On the French right the Marshal sent one division of cavalry and the remaining one and half divisions on a small front against a Spanish division.   The Anglo-Portuguese-Spanish forces were beaten and forced to retreat towards Viseu.

Also on the 6th June General Hill with the 1st Corps gave battle to the French at Benevente and lost.  The 1st Corps moved south via Mirandela, Rinhovelo and Espinho to Almeida, attacking the French beseiging the fortress on the 19th June.  This battle resulted in another defeat for General Hill with the loss of almost all his corps artillery.  The 1st Corps retreated to Pinhao and rested.   The 1st Corps adavnced towwards Almeida again on the 24th June and arrived on the 27th June finding the French had failed to take the fortress and had been forced to retreat by the advances of Sir Arthur and the Reserve Corps.  The Reserve Corps caught the French in its withdrawal from Almeida at Aldea del Obispo inflicting some loss upon the French.
Sir Arthur withdraw his forces south via Aldeia Vicosa, Pornos de Algodres and Sao Miguel do Outeiro to Bussaco arriving on the evening of the 9th June.   Sir Arthur had his forces take up defensive positions on the 10th June to give battle to Marshal Massena again.  However, the French did not show apart from light cavalry. The Anglo-Portuguese army waited at Bussaco until the morning of the 14th June 1809 at which point Sir Arthur decided to advance again towards Fuentes d'Orono arriving on the afternoon of the 17th June and finding the French ready for battle.   One the 19th June Sir Arthur attacked the French at Fuentes d'Orono for the second time and this time he was blessed with victory.

The campaign moved onto 1810.


NSWC Campaigns-1807

1807 East Prussian-Polish Campaign

This campaign started off at the historical point of June 4 1807.  On this date the Russo-Prussian forces started their offensive (one day early in the north due to a communication not reaching the Prussian commander in time).   We have set the ratio of figures to troops for battles as 1 to 75 for infantry, 1 to 40 for cavalry and 1 gun to every 2 battalions or cavalry regiments fielded for a battle.  We are using our modified WRG rule set (modified for simultaneous movement instead of alternate bound) to govern the battlefield games.

Prussian Lieutenant General Anton-Wilheim L'Estocq's Russo-Prussian Corps attacked first on the 4th June 1807 at Braunsberg and Spanden, both places held by the French I Corps.  
The Prussian force numbered, 17,760 troops, when it attacked the French at  Braunsberg (Maréchal Victor had 16,560 troops). 
The attack was vigorous but resulted in a defeat for General L'Estocq with the loss of 6,995 men (1,475 captured) and Marshal Victor loosing 2,295 troops.   The Prussian Corps retreated for two days to the town of Brandenburg.  
Meanwhile the Russian component of L'Estocq's corps under the command of Major-General Kaminskoi (10,320 troops) attacked French General de Division Rivaud (2nd Division of I Corps plus the corps cavalry under Tilly-9,120 troops) at Spanden on the same day.   This was a Russian victory, with the French loosing 3,130 troops (783 captured) and Kaminskoi loosing 3,325 troops.  General Rivaud retreated to Muhlhausen on the Prussian Holland-Braunsberg road.

This allowed General Kaminskoi to advance to Prussian-Holland but this advance did not happen until he was ordered directly by Marshal Beningsen and was given the support of the Russian 6th Guard Division.

Meanwhile on the 5th June 1807, further south the Russians attacked at Lomitten.  This attack was lead by Major-Général Ivan Semenovich Doctorov with 15,700 troops (loss of 700 troops) against French General de Division Legrand with his 3rd Division of Maréchal Soult's IV Corps and with General Guyot corps cavalry in support for a total of 12,030 troops. The result was a defeat for the French with the loss of 1,580 troops (395 captured).  General Legrand withdrew to just beyond IV Corps position at Leibstadt.  This placed Maréchal Ney's VI Corps at Guttstadt in a perilous position.  The main Russian forces advanced from Heilsberg  and Seefeld towards Guttstadt.  Ney decided to withdraw and attempt to link up with Soult at Leibstadt.

Also on the 5th June General Maréchal Davout's III Corps (20,820 troops) was attacked by Major-General Bagration with 25,680 troops at Allenstein.  Maréchal Davout was protecting the right flank of the French forces.  Bagration's attacked faltered and was driven back to Passenheim for the loss of 4,905 (1,226 captured) to Davout's loss of 3,750.

In the centre the main Russian forces joined up at Guttstadt and followed a retreating Ney to Leibstadt.  Marshal Beningsen decided to attack the combined French corps of Soult and Ney on the 7th June.  Marshal Beningsen had under command 2nd Column-General Sacken , 4th Column-General Gortchakow  and 1st Column-General Dochtorow for a total of 80,630 troops.  Maréchal's Soult, Ney and Murat (he had joined them with the Reserve Cavalry) had 49,000 troops.  The battle was a loss for the French  with 2,735 (684 captured) troops lost against the Russian loss of 4,980 troops.  

The French though only withdraw 4 miles to the village of Reichertswalde and turned to give battle again to the Russians.  There were just 37,930 Russians enagaged against 56,375 French troops.  Reichertswalde was a different matter as Napoleon, who was approaching Leibstadt from Georgenthal decided to march to the sound of the guns, leaving the road just 4 miles from Leibstadt (where the Russian 1st Column was waiting for him) and crossed the 2 miles to reach the right flank of the French position at Reichertswalde with his Imperial Guard and a division of Spanish (this force came from Italy and is not the La Romana division that went to garrison the Baltic coast).  The battle resulted in a defeat for the Russians and more glory for Ney as his corps took the brunt of the Russian attack.  The loss of 7,160 Russian troops (1,790 captured) against 5,200 French.

Even though the French were victorious at Reichertswalde the Russians had cut their supply line at Prussian-Holland.  The IV and VI Corps plus the Reserve Cavalry had to retreat to reopen their supply line, the Imperial Guard and Spanish Division also withdraw to support these forces.  Upon arrival at Prussian-Holland Napoleon sent IV Corps straight into the attack.  Soult pressed home his attack on the Russian centre and left while the Imperial Guard moved against the Russian right.   There were continuos Russian counter-attacks against Maréchal Soult and Murat.   Maréchal Ney's VI Corps remained in reserve behind the Spanish Division.  In the end the French were again victorious but the Imperial Guard and Spanish Division had to return to Leibstadt to clear their supply line of more Russian forces.

The Battle of Prussian-Holland involved 26,965 Russians (17,000 Imperial Guard) and their losses where 2,350 (588 captured) and there were 52,255 French (10,000 Imperial Guard) and they lost 3,860 troops.  The French had a 2:1 advantage but it did take most the day for that advantage to take effect.  Maréchal Ney's VI Corps and the Spanish cavalry did not arrive at all on the field of battle.

The Russian forces at Prussian-Holland retreated to Mehlsack (Imperial Guard 6th Column) and Guttstadt (Russian Div from the Prussian corps).  Meanwhile Beningsen 2nd & 4th Columns moved towards Wormditt. The French I, IV, VI Corps plus some Reserve Cavalry advanced from Prussian-Holland through Spanden towards Mehlsack.  The VI Corps stopped at Mehlsack to observe the Russian 6th Guard Column at Peterswalde where it had withdrawn too at the approach of the three French Corps.
In the northern sector the Prussian's advanced again (after calling in some reserve forces) towards Braunsberg.  When General L'Estocq arrived opposite Braunsberg (12 June) he discovered that the French I Corps had moved south leaving the town unoccupied.  General L'Estocq crossed the river and occupied Braunsberg, on the 13th June and ordered his sappers to remove the French defence works that faced east.  A couple days later the French VIII Corps (Mortier-20,130) arrived from Elbing and attacked General L'Estocq (25,200) forcing him and his troops out of Braunsberg.  The French VIII Corps lost 5,400 men and the Prussian's retreated to Gallou to rest and reform his shattered regiments.

On the same day as Braunsberg the Russian 7th Column attacked the Poles at Neigenburg.  This Polish force was beaten and forced to retreat to Hohenstein.  Next the 7th Column advanced towards Graudenz to relieve the Prussian garrison.
The French I and IV Corps plus some of the cavalry reserve under Murat (47,550) moved south from Mehlsack towards Wormditt. at the same time the Russian 2nd and 4th Columns (53,225) moved north towards Wormditt.  These movements resulted in the two day battle (16-18 June) at Wormditt. which in the end was another French victory (loss 7,290) , forcing the Russians (loss 19,160 [4,190 captured]) to retreat towards Heilsberg.  The French then moved from Wormditt. to Prussian-Eylau and cut the Russian 2nd & 4th Columns main supply line.  The Russians had the intention of not stopping at Heilsberg after Wormditt and continue to Eylau, so the French did not force a retreat on the Russians from Heilsberg as they had hoped but brought the Russians to Eylau earlier that the French would have expected them if the Russians had stopped at Heilsberg.

On the 22nd June the Russian 7th Column attacked the French forces at Graudenz.  The attacked was unsuccessful and the Russians withdraw, leaving General Royuer to continue his blockade of Graudenz.

On this same day the Battle of Prussian-Eylau started with the French I & IV Corps being attacked by the Russian 2nd and 4th Columns.  This was a hard fought action but the French had to withdraw a few miles when the Russian Army of Moravia arrived from the east which exposed the French left flank and rear.  The Russians moved forward and went into the attack again on the 23rd June.

The second day was every bit has hard fought as the first day.  In the end even with the Reserve Cavalry and Imperial Guard the battle drew to a close with no clear victor.  Napoleon ordered a withdrawal down the two approach roads (to Wormditt. and to Heilsberg) so his corps could rest and refit. Some reserve regiments were moving from Elbing to join Napoleon.

The last action of the campaign (as it turned out) was the Battle of Heiligenbeil fought on the 28th June 1807 with the British Expeditionary Force (30,840) of Lt General William Schaw, Lord Cathcart (this force had landed at Pillau) and the Prussian Corps of Lieutenant General Anton-Wilheim L'Estocq (25,200) for a total of 56,040 against the French VIII Corps of Maréchal Adolphe Mortier (17,315), the Spanish El norte de la División of General Pedro Caro y Sureda, Marques de la Romana (15,360) and the Dutch Korps of General van Kattendijke (15,480) for a total of 48,155.

The Anglo-Prussian forces attacked the Franco-Spanish-Dutch forces in a most vigorous manner.  The Anglo-Prussian commanders knew they had to beat the French and force them to withdraw or else the French would be in a position to invest Konigsberg within a few days and that would be the end for the remaining Prussian forces and probably the embarkation of the British Force and the Russians suing for peace.

The Anglo-Prussian's concentrated their attack against the Spanish and all but destroyed the El norte de la División (losses of 11,565).  But casualties were not light for the VIII Corps (losses 8,255) and the Dutch Korps (losses 6,245) for a total loss of 26,065.  The British lost 10,150 and the Prussian's 5,665 for a total of 15,815.  Such losses speak of the desperate nature of the combat for both sides.  The French had to retreat beyond Braunsberg to Elbing (a main French supply hub) where there was another two French Divisions as well as two divisions at Prussian Holland which could be called to resist and Anglo-Prussian attack on Elbing.

The Anglo-Prussian advance against Elbing now threatened all the French forces.  Napoleon faced allied forces behind his left and right flanks and with the Russian Army of Moravia having joined the Russian 1st Army of Poland plus the arrival of a rebel Austrian Corps at Prussian Eylau to the Emperors' front Bonaparte decided to ask for peace with the allies which meant the loss of the newly created Duchy of Warzaw but only East Prussia and Prussian Poland free of the French.  As for the British, their forces went on to attack Copenhagen and destroy the Danish fleet.

This war is over, for now.


NSWC Campaigns-1805


1805 Austerlitz Campaign

This campaign is being played in 25mm using WRG rules with a few modifications for simultaneous movement. The campaign started off at an historical point in October 1805. We have a variable ratio of troops to figures depending on the number of troops involved in a battle and number of players.

So far we have seen a cautious advance by his imperial highness the Emperor Napoleon into Bavaria. The French and Bavarian cavalry are probing for the Austrian forces under General Major Karl Leiberich von Mack and Archduke Ferdinand which are withdrawing before the French advance, there has been no actions as of and including October13th in Bavaria.
As for the Russians all we know at this time is that they are still advancing towards Bohemia and Bavaria. When will they arrive not even the Austrians know when that will be. General Major Karl Leiberich von Mack hopes it will be soon as the Austrian forces in Bavaria maybe out-numbered and the arrival of the Russians may address the imbalance.

In Italy it has been a different story, the French Army of Italy (VIII and IX Corps) made more aggressive moves against the forces of Archduke Charles (4th, 5th, 6th and 8th Columns), this resulted in a battle at Padua between 30,000 French vs 50,000 Austrians on the 14th October.




The Battle of Padua was a victory for the Austrians forcing the French VIII Corps to retreat towards Legango and its bridge with the Austrian 5th and 8th Columns in close pursuit.  The 5th and 8th Columns attacked the French VIII Corps on the 15th October while the French attempted to cross the river.  The Battle of Legango was another Austrian victory.
Austrian Right at Padua

Austrian Centre advancing

Austrians advancing


Meanwhile, while the battle took place at Padua the French IX Corps at Vicenza moved south to support the VIII Corps. As the French IX Corps withdrew from Vicenza the Austrian 4th Column crossed the bridge and reoccupied Vicenza, this placed the Austrian 4th Column behind the French IX Corps.

Once the French Army of Italy commander released what had happened at Vicenza he ordered the IX Corps north to Verona on the 15th October and thus did not directly support the VIII Corps. 

The Austrian 4th & 6th Columns (this column joined the battle as the day wore on) attacked the French IX Corps at Verona on the 16th October while the French try to withdraw back across the Adige River.  The Battle of Verona was a French success in that it stopped the Austrians crossing the Adige River on the 17th October allowing the IX Corps to get a day ahead of the Austrians and more in a position to help VIII Corps to the south.

The two armies ready and waiting

French defending

Austrians

Cuirassiers vs Cuirassiers (some Fronk Rank Russians acting as Austrians against some Perry plastic Westphalians acting as French)
While the French VIII and IX Corps sort to extract themselves from a sticky situation in Northern Italy.  The French III Corps ran into the Russians in Bohemia at Klattau on the 26th October.  This was a surprise for the French as they were not expecting the Russians so far West and behind the Army of Germany's left flank.  The main part of the Army of Germany was pursuing the main Austrian army under Mack as it retreated Eastwards drawing the Emperor on as he sort a big battle to crush the Austrian army in Germany before the Russians could help.

The Battle of Klattau was a Russian victory and the French III Corps withdrew Westwards.
French Guard infantry taking a Russian battery

French Guard advancing

Russians defending

French infantry advancing

This campaign ended when Napoleon moved to Italy in his retirement, pity that.